Its reputation gradually improved, to the point that its lead characters,[9][10] memorable lines,[11][12][13] and pervasive theme song[14][15] have all become iconic and it consistently ranks near the top of lists of the greatest films in history. He would be arrested on sight. (uncredited), Commuter at Train Station [69], Despite the many writers, the film has what Ebert describes as a "wonderfully unified and consistent" script. He is forcing the girl to live up to the idealism of her nature, forcing her to carry on with the work that in these days is far more important than the love of two little people. As they walk away into the fog, Rick says, "Louis, I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship". She left Rick without explanation to nurse her sick husband. [129] The 2017 Moroccan drama film Razzia, directed by Nabil Ayouch, is mostly set in the city of Casablanca and characters frequently discuss the 1942 film.[130]. Casablanca was shot on 1.37:1 and here it is on 1.77:1. While preparing to flee with Rick from the imminent fall of the city during the Battle of France, she learned Laszlo was alive and in hiding. The entire picture was shot in the studio, except for the sequence showing Strasser's arrival, which was filmed at Van Nuys Airport, and a few short clips of stock footage views of Paris. [178], However, while rewrites did occur during filming, Aljean Harmetz's examination of the scripts has shown that many of the key scenes were shot after Bergman knew how the film would end; any confusion was, according to critic Roger Ebert, "emotional", not "factual". Ebert opined that Citizen Kane is generally considered to be a "greater" film, but Casablanca "is more loved. Menu. [97], Casablanca received "consistently good reviews". [108] In later years, she stated, "I feel about Casablanca that it has a life of its own. The site's critics consensus reads: "An undisputed masterpiece and perhaps Hollywood's quintessential statement on love and romance, Casablanca has only improved with age, boasting career-defining performances from Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. "[132] This incident would lead Wallis to leave Warner Bros. in April. (uncredited), Baccarat Dealer at Rick's "[100], Some other reviews were less enthusiastic. [86] The "Deutschlandlied", the national anthem of Germany, is used several times in minor mode as a leitmotif for the German threat, i.e. That's all I can say. However, he added that due to the presence of multiple archetypes which allow "the power of Narrative in its natural state without Art intervening to discipline it", it is a movie reaching "Homeric depths" as a "phenomenon worthy of awe. [88], The piano featured in the Paris flashback sequences was sold in New York City on December 14, 2012, at Sotheby's for more than $600,000 to an anonymous bidder. [124], The film Casablanca was a plot device in the science-fiction television movie Overdrawn at the Memory Bank (1983), based on John Varley's story. Besetzung und Stab von Casablanca, Regisseur: Michael Curtiz. [47], Film critic Roger Ebert called Wallis the "key creative force" for his attention to the details of production (down to insisting on a real parrot in the Blue Parrot bar). Eighty-five of them read it; of those, thirty-eight rejected it outright, thirty-three generally recognized it (but only eight specifically as Casablanca), three declared it commercially viable, and one suggested turning it into a novel. The release of Casablanca was rushed because of real-life world events. It is many films, an anthology. | By the end, however, "everybody is sacrificing. "[175], The Library of Congress deemed that the color change differed so much from the original film that it gave a new copyright to Turner Entertainment. [45] Fog was used to mask the model's unconvincing appearance. [125] Film critic Roger Ebert pointed out the plot of the film Barb Wire (1996) was identical to that of Casablanca. "[100] "Film is splendid anti-Axis propaganda, particularly inasmuch as the propaganda is strictly a by-product of the principal action and contributes to it instead of getting in the way. Because of its November 1942 release, the New York Film Critics decided to include the film in its 1942 award season for best picture. Other colleges have adopted the tradition. Warner Bros. produced its own parody in the homage Carrotblanca, a 1995 Bugs Bunny cartoon. Should They? This originated in a press release issued by the studio early on in the film's development, but by that time the studio already knew that he was going into the Army, and he was never seriously considered. Rick is a lawyer. Sidney Rosenzweig, in his study of the director's work, sees the film as a typical example of Curtiz's highlighting of moral dilemmas. [67], In a telegram to film editor Owen Marks on August 7, 1942, Wallis suggested two possible final lines of dialogue for Rick: "Louis, I might have known you'd mix your patriotism with a little larceny" or "Louis, I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship. The screenplay is based on Everybody Comes to Rick's, an un… [16] The cast is notably international: only three of the credited actors were born in the United States (Bogart, Dooley Wilson, and Joy Page). [54], The first writers assigned to the script were twins Julius and Philip Epstein who, against the wishes of Warner Bros., left at Frank Capra's request early in 1942 to work on the Why We Fight series in Washington, D.C.[55][56] While they were gone, the other credited writer, Howard Koch, was assigned; he produced thirty to forty pages. One titled Brazzaville (in the final scene, Renault recommends fleeing to that Free French-held city) was planned, but never produced. "[19] In his opinion, the film is popular because "the people in it are all so good", and it is "a wonderful gem". "[52][53] The scene of the singing of "La Marseillaise" in the bar is attributed by the film scholar Julian Jackson as an adaptation of a similar scene from Jean Renoir's film La Grande Illusion five years prior. [23] In the soundtrack, "La Marseillaise" is played by a full orchestra. [107], For actress Ingrid Bergman, this was one of her best-known roles. For now, in doing so, he is not just solving a love triangle. [41] Unusually, the film was shot in sequence, mainly because only the first half of the script was ready when filming began.[42]. (uncredited), Native Introducing Ferrari AFT completed the colorization in two months at a cost of $450,000. [28] Harmetz argues that they "brought to a dozen small roles in Casablanca an understanding and a desperation that could never have come from Central Casting". [76][23] Curtiz was a Hungarian Jewish émigré; he had come to the U.S. in 1926, but some of his family were refugees from Nazi Europe. [63][64] Koch highlighted the political and melodramatic elements,[65][66] and Curtiz seems to have favored the romantic parts, insisting on retaining the Paris flashbacks. Much of the emotional impact of the film, for the audience in 1942, has been attributed to the large proportion of European exiles and refugees who were extras or played minor roles (in addition to leading actors Paul Henreid, Conrad Veidt and Peter Lorre): such as Louis V. Arco, Trude Berliner, Ilka Grünig, Ludwig Stössel, Hans Heinrich von Twardowski, and Wolfgang Zilzer. Getting to Lisbon was not easy. "[112], A few reviewers have had reservations. It was next released on laserdisc in 1991, and on VHS in 1992—both from MGM/UA Home Entertainment (distributing for Turner Entertainment Co.), which at the time was distributed by Warner Home Video. A tortuous refugee path brought people to Casablanca, where they would search for an exit visa for Portugal. "I couldn't believe it was happening. Ugarte says the letters had been signed by (depending on the listener) either Vichy General Weygand or Free French General de Gaulle. But when corn works, there's nothing better. The movie is uploaded in a completely wrong aspect ratio. Company Credits Warner Bros. story editor Irene Diamond convinced producer Hal B. Wallis to purchase the film rights to the play in January 1942. I said to her, 'I don't know ... play them both evenly.' | TVWeek", "For the first time in English, the Argentine labyrinths of Edgar Brau", "The Novelty and Nostalgia of La La Land", "Allied: How Brad Pitt, Marion Cotillard film recreated glamour of 1942 Casablanca", "Toronto: Director Nabil Ayouch's 'Razzia' Is a Response to Intolerance", "25 Films Chosen for the National Registry", "Complete National Film Registry Listing", "Empire's 100 Greatest Movies Of All Time", "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes – List of the 400 nominated movie quotes", "Casablanca and the Paradoxical Truth of Stereotyping", "Archetypes: What You Need to Know About Them", "Casablanca, or, The Clichés are Having a Ball", "WHV Press Release: Casablanca Ultimate Collector's Edition (DVD/Blu-ray) – Home Theater", "Casablanca (70th Anniversary Limited Collector's Edition Blu-ray/DVD Combo)", "Casablanca: 70th Anniversary Ultimate Collector's Edition Blu-ray (Updated)", "We'll always have 'Casablanca' – so why see 'Havana'? Warner Bros financial information in "The William Shaefer Ledger". [133], In 1989, the film was one of the first 25 films selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". When Laszlo makes inquiries, Ferrari, a major underworld figure and Rick's friendly business rival, divulges his suspicion that Rick has the letters. It includes a brand-new 4K restoration and new bonus material.[155][156]. Wallis's first choice for director was William Wyler, but he was unavailable, so Wallis turned to his close friend Michael Curtiz. [29] Even though many were Jewish or refugees from the Nazis (or both), they were frequently cast as Nazis in various war films, because of their accents. [19], The difference between Bergman's and Bogart's height caused some problems. Play 'As Time Goes By'." "[100] The review also applauded the performances of Bergman and Henreid and noted that "Bogart, as might be expected, is more at ease as the bitter and cynical operator of a joint than as a lover, but handles both assignments with superb finesse. [83] Even though Steiner disliked "As Time Goes By", he admitted in a 1943 interview that it "must have had something to attract so much attention. (uncredited), Haggling Arab Monkey Seller Koch later claimed it was the tension between his own approach and Curtiz's which accounted for this: "Surprisingly, these disparate approaches somehow meshed, and perhaps it was partly this tug of war between Curtiz and me that gave the film a certain balance. The French subtitles on the official DVD read Weygand; the English ones specify de Gaulle. (uncredited), Headwaiter at Rick's It was referred to in Terry Gilliam's dystopian Brazil (1985). However, despite studio resistance, they left to work on Frank Capra's Why We Fight series early in 1942. [136] Bright Lights Film Journal stated in 2007, "It is one of those rare films from Hollywood’s Golden Age which has managed to transcend its era to entertain generations of moviegoers...". Strasser, tipped off by Renault, drives up alone and Rick shoots him when he tries to intervene. Jack Benny may have appeared in an unbilled cameo, as was claimed by a contemporary newspaper advertisement and in the Casablanca press book. In 2008, Madonna was reported to be pursuing a remake set in modern-day Iraq. It was first released on DVD in 1998 by MGM, containing the trailer and a making-of featurette (Warner Home Video reissued the DVD in 2000). Release Dates Brothers Julius and Philip G. Epstein were initially assigned to write the script. [162] In 2012, both The Daily Telegraph and Entertainment Weekly reported on efforts by Cass Warner, granddaughter of Harry Warner and friend of the late Howard Koch, to produce a sequel featuring the search by Rick Blaine and Ilsa Lund's illegitimate son for the whereabouts of his biological father. [72][73] Extensive changes were made, with several lines of dialogue removed or altered. [4], In the seven decades since its production, the film has grown in popularity. The film also ranked at number 28 on Empire's list of the 100 Greatest Movies of All Time, which stated: "Love, honour, thrills, wisecracks and a hit tune are among the attractions, which also include a perfect supporting cast of villains, sneaks, thieves, refugees and bar staff. They are interrupted when Strasser leads a group of officers in singing Die Wacht am Rhein ("The Watch on the Rhine"). It took 12 police officers to rescue the two, and a red-faced, startled, yet smiling Bogart heard a chorus of cries of 'good luck' and 'here's looking at you, kid' as he was rushed into the theater. The play (set entirely in the cafe) ends with Rick sending Lois and Laszlo to the airport. He applauded the combination of "sentiment, humor and pathos with taut melodrama and bristling intrigue". Two other thirty-minute adaptations were aired, one on Philip Morris Playhouse on September 3, 1943, and the other on Theater of Romance on December 19, 1944, in which Dooley Wilson reprised his role as Sam. Which results in shots being cropped and actors appearing bigger than they really are. [159] Attempts to recapture the magic of Casablanca in other settings, such as Caboblanco (1980), "a South American-set retooling of Casablanca",[160] and Havana (1990)[161] have been poorly received. Als Vorlage für den Film diente das unproduzierte Theaterstück Everybody Comes to Rick’s (Jeder geht in Ricks Bar) von Murray Burnett und Joan Alison aus dem Jahr 1940. in the scene in Paris as it is announced that the German army will reach Paris the next day. (uncredited), French Police Officer Laszlo, aware of Rick's love for Ilsa, tries to persuade him to use the letters to take her to safety. [140][141][142][143] Umberto Eco wrote: Thus Casablanca is not just one film. [60] The problem was solved when the Epstein brothers were driving down Sunset Boulevard and stopped for the light at Beverly Glen. [163][164], On radio there were several adaptations of the film. "Rick's Café Américain" attracts a varied clientele, including Vichy French and German officials, refugees desperate to reach the neutral United States, and those who prey on them. Despite the pressure he constantly receives from the local authorities, Rick's cafe has become a kind of haven for refugees seeking to obtain illicit l… Release Calendar DVD & Blu-ray Releases Top Rated Movies Most Popular Movies Browse Movies by Genre Top Box Office Showtimes & Tickets Showtimes & Tickets In Theaters Coming Soon Coming Soon Movie News India Movie Spotlight. The story of Rick Blaine, a cynical world-weary ex-patriate who runs a nightclub in Casablanca, Morocco during the early stages of WWII. As the narrator finishes th… It seems to have filled a need, a need that was there before the film, a need that the film filled". Filmed and set during World War II, it focuses on an American expatriate (Bogart) who must choose between his love for a woman (Bergman) and helping her and her husband (Henreid), a Czech resistance leader, escape from the Vichy-controlled city of Casablanca to continue his fight against the Germans. (uncredited), Second Contact Man at Rick's [8] It had its world premiere on November 26, 1942, in New York City and was released nationally in the United States on January 23, 1943. [110], According to Roger Ebert, Casablanca is "probably on more lists of the greatest films of all time than any other single title, including Citizen Kane" because of its wider appeal. (uncredited), Englishman Questioning Casino's Honesty As Tangier was in Spanish territory [sic], the theatre's wartime bar heaved with spies, refugees and underworld hoods, securing its place in cinematic history as the inspiration for Rick's Cafe in Casablanca. Gary Edgerton, writing for the Journal of Popular Film & Television criticized the colorization, "... Casablanca in color ended up being much blander in appearance and, overall, much less visually interesting than its 1942 predecessor. Before he can meet his contact, Ugarte is arrested by the local police under the command of Captain Louis Renault, the unabashedly corrupt prefect of police. [167][168] The novel picks up where the film leaves off, and also tells of Rick's mysterious past in America. "[175] Bogart's son Stephen said, "if you're going to colorize Casablanca, why not put arms on the Venus de Milo? It was so popular that it began a tradition of screening Casablanca during the week of final exams at Harvard University, which continues to the present day. When all the archetypes burst in shamelessly, we reach Homeric depths. [37] The project was renamed Casablanca, apparently in imitation of the 1938 hit Algiers. "[49][23], The original play was inspired by a trip to Europe made by Murray Burnett and his wife in 1938, during which they visited Vienna shortly after the Anschluss and were affected by the antisemitism they saw. In the final budget for the film, the Epsteins were paid $30,416, and Koch earned $4,200. Casablanca had been my creation; Jack had absolutely nothing to do with it. [96], Warner Brothers released a heavily-edited version of Casablanca in West Germany in 1952. "[70] Julius Epstein would later note the screenplay contained "more corn than in the states of Kansas and Iowa combined. [67], Bogart's line "Here's looking at you, kid", said four times, was not in the draft screenplays, but has been attributed to a comment he made to Bergman as he taught her poker between takes. But de Gaulle was the head of the Free French government in exile, so a letter signed by him would have provided no benefit. Der Film ist eine Parodie auf den Film Casablanca mit Humphrey Bogart und Ingrid Bergman aus dem Jahr 1942. [102] In its initial U.S. release, it was a substantial but not spectacular box-office success, taking in $3.7 million. [48], Later, there were plans for a further scene, showing Rick, Renault and a detachment of Free French soldiers on a ship, to incorporate the Allies' 1942 invasion of North Africa. Liste der Besetung: Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, Paul Henreid u.v.m. Almost forty years later, I still haven't recovered from the shock. Victor Laszlo was no longer a Resistance fighter who escaped from a Nazi concentration camp. The background of the final scene, which shows a Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior airplane with personnel walking around it, was staged using little person extras and a proportionate cardboard plane.